Home Baseball Content Random Thoughts on Sports Performance Training: Installment 3

Random Thoughts on Sports Performance Training: Installment 3

Written on May 23, 2014 at 6:18 pm, by Eric Cressey

My random thoughts on sports performance training always seem to be a hit with readers, so I figured I'd turn it into a series I update every month or two.  Here are five thoughts that have been rattling around my brain, in no particular order:

1. Anyone who reads this blog regularly knows that we use a ton of positional breathing drills.  If you'd like some example, just check out Greg Robins' post from a few days ago here.

With that said, one of the biggest mistakes we made when we starting integrating these drills was not encouraging a "reset" at the end of the full exhalation.  Basically, when you cue an athlete to fully exhale, you want a count of 3-4 "one-thousand" before they inhale again.  Effectively, this gives an athlete a chance to a) get familiar/comfortable with this less extended position and b) regulate breathing rate (to turn off sympathetic activity). I've also found that it slows athletes down a bit so that they're forced to focus on doing things perfectly, too.

2. One thing that drives me absolutely bonkers is when I see people opening their hands up while doing Turkish get-ups.  First, the obvious: do you really want to hold a weight right over your face without gripping it?  Second, there are so many remarkable benefits from just gripping something, most notably increasing reflexive recruitment of the rotator cuff.  If anyone has a legitimate rationale for opening the hand with the kettlebell overhead, I'd love to hear it - but nobody has been able to justify it to me as of yet.  

3. I just finished up Charlie Weingroff's new DVD set, Lateralizations and Regressions, and particularly enjoyed the section he devoted to the "packed neck." Back around 2008, it was a change I made with not only my own training, but also how we coached our athletes - and it's yielded profoundly positive results.

As Charlie pointed out, neck position impacts everything else in the body, particularly with respect to optimizing thoracic mobility and scapular control. I think that sometimes, people discount the importance of neck positioning when teaching beginners, assuming they can just teach it later on in a training plan.  In my eyes, when you allow people to deadlift (or perform any lift) while looking up (instead of maintaining a neutral cervical spine with eyes straight ahead), you're really just giving them a faulty compensation pattern to reposition their center of mass.  It's a cue that should be provided from day 1.

For more information on Charlie's new resource, click here.

4. If you train athletes who commonly experience shoulder and elbow concerns - including those who have had surgery - and you don't have a safety squat bar handy, you're missing out on a hugely important piece of equipment.  When it comes to axial loading (bar on the upper back or anterior shoulder girdle), it's the bar we use more than any other - and it's saved my squatting career, as I have a shoulder issue that doesn't like back squatting.

They aren't cheap, but to me, if you deal with these types of athletes/clients often, it's an awesome investment, not an expense.

5. With the MLB Draft a few weeks away - and several Cressey Sports Performance guys expected to be selected early in the draft - one of the things I hear scouts talking about all the time is "projectability" - or where an athlete will be in the years ahead. This is especially important in a sport like baseball, where a player doesn't just quickly ascend to the highest level, as you would see in the NBA or NFL. Instead, players usually log several years of minor league baseball, and the overwhelming majority of them never even actually make it to the big leagues.

To that end, in terms of projectability, scouts are always looking for players who might make big jumps in pro ball - whether it's due to physical improvements, baseball-specific coaching, positional changes, or any of a number of other "windows of adaptation."  When you think about it in this context, the ideal would be to find a kid who hasn't been involved in organized strength and conditioning programs, is weak and undeveloped, and hasn't received good baseball coaching. There's no place to go but up, right?


Well, the corollary to that is that these woefully underdeveloped kids are usually the ones who have the most wear and tear on their bodies. If they are throwing hard or demonstrating great bat speed, they've often spent years hanging out on passive restraints (e.g., ligaments) because the active restraints (e.g., muscles) haven't been sufficient to pick up the slack. In other words, they're injuries just waiting to happen. And, we know that having even just one surgery while in the minor leagues dramatically reduces a player's chance of making it to "The Show;" in face, one MLB strength coach told me that it reduced the likelihood of a player making it to the big leagues by 50%.

So, you could really say that projectability is a balancing act for teams. You want athletes who aren't completely tapped out physically, but at the same time, aren't so fragile-looking that you think they'll fall apart on you before you can even develop them.  I think it's why a lot of scouts love to see multi-sport high school prospects; it automatically shows that they're "middle-of-the-road" athletes. They've got solid general athletic development and less wear and tear (because of no year-round baseball).  Plus, they can pick up more advanced skills easier because they've expanded their motor learning pool with a wide variety of activities over the years. Coaching them once they're in pro ball is generally easier than it would be with a kid who's spent 12 months each year learning bad habits without ever wiping the slate clean for a few months. Plus, because they've played multiple sports, you know that they've learned to roll with different social circles - and playing professional baseball will certainly test their abilities to interact with a wide variety of people.

Just food for thought from a guy who's not a scout, but can't help but make observations from a pretty informed perspective.

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9 Responses to “Random Thoughts on Sports Performance Training: Installment 3”

  1. matt Says:


  2. Alex Says:

    I’m totally buying what you’re selling with regard to the TGU technique. But I do love to play devils advocate. Is it possible that a really hard grip could lead to greater activation of the flexors (forearms and biceps) therefore making it harder to lock the arm out overhead?

    I know in Olympic weightlifting it is often taught with regard to the snatch to not death grip the bar overhead because activation of the flexors can somewhat inhibit the extensors needed for a good lockout/finish. Your thoughts?

  3. Bob Says:

    Great information from someone who first-hand sees the whole picture. I especially liked the way you explained the benefits of playing more than 1 sport; even if an athlete is trying to excel in 1 sport for possible professional level. This is such an important message for young athletes AND their parents.

  4. Crystal Says:

    I wish we lived closer! Our son plays for the Midland Redskins Org in Cincy (He’s 11) and very talented. I have a strong AT background, wondering if buying your books would help me with him? He sees a Personal Trainer in off season but also plays football as he is young. I read all of your blogs I get, trying to decide if I should buy your books-would that give me access to training programs for him for pitching and ways to help his mobility?

  5. steve b Says:

    Always read your articles enjoy your work my question is what breathing drills would you give a client returning from a lower back disc injury who is flex ion intolerant?

  6. Mark Bubeck Says:

    Hey Eric,

    Totally agree with your KB statement. It drives me nuts to see get ups and even overhead carries done with an open hand. I’ve yet to see or hear any rational explanation for it. I did over hear a trainer instruct his client to use an open hand because he “didn’t want any of the muscles that stabilize the shoulder to dominate the movement”….hahaha, I promptly threw up in my mouth after hearing that reasoning!

  7. Eric Cressey Says:


    I’d just do all our breathing drills in neutral spine instead of slight flexion.

  8. Eric Cressey Says:

    Hi Crystal,

    At that age, no need to get too structured; just make it fun!

    That said, check out the International Youth Conditioning Association’s provider locator: http://www.iyca.org. I’d bet they have someone in your area who can help.

  9. don smith Says:

    Howdy EC;

    Thanks for article. I’ve seen too many baseball/softball players floppping about on the court begging to get injured EC. Your off-season training is far superior (shoulder/elbow care) for injury reduction.

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